What are the forest types and sizes found in Jamaica?
The types of forests are:
Closed Broadleaf - This is described as closed primary forest with broadleaf trees at least 5 metres tall and crowns interlocking, with minimal human disturbance. There are 84,636.6 hectares of Closed Broadleaf forests in Jamaica.
Disturbed Broadleaf - this is described as forest with broadleaf trees at least 5 metres tall and species-indicators of disturbance. There is 175,590.6 hectares of disturbed broadleaf forests in Jamaica.
Tall Open Dry- this is described as open natural woodland or forest with trees at least 5 metres tall and crowns not in contact;There is 37,559.70 hectares of Tall open dry forests in Jamaica.
Short Open Dry - this is open scrub, shrub, or brushland with trees or shrubs 1-5 metres tall and crowns not in contact; There is 2,615.11 hectares of short open dry forests in Jamaica.
Swamp- this is described as Edaphic forest (soil waterlogging) with a single storey with species indicators such as Symphonia globulifera (hog gum) and Roystonea princeps (royal palm); There is just 122.93 hectares of swamp forests remaining in Jamaica.
Mangrove - this is Edaphic forest (areas with brackish water) composed of trees mangrove); Within each of these forests are rich ecosystems that provide habitats for a wealth of diverse endemic plant and animal species; There is 9,732.76 hectares of this forest type found in Jamaica.
Forest Plantations- There is 8,318.95 hectares of this forest type which is inclusive of pine and hardwood; and 121,361.1 hectares of Secondary forest. This new classification, secondary forest, accounts for 28% of the current national acreage under forest. Secondary forest is distinguished from disturbed broadleaf as it has larger percentages of disturbance namely, 15-25% compared to <15% for the latter forest type. There is also a distinction in the indicator species present as secondary forest is in the main comprised of Trumpet Tree (Cecropia peltata), Guango (Samanea saman) and Woman’s tongue (Albizia lebbeck).